Refinishing is one of the best qualities of hardwood floors. This process allows bring the old wood floors to “as new” condition at significantly lower cost comparing to replacement. There are three main steps which are equally important and should be complete properly:
- Sanding - *Staining - Finish application
*For preserving natural wood appearance stain shouldn’t be applied.
Before you begin
- Which floors can be refinished?
All prefinished and unfinished solid wood floors as well as some engineered hardwood flooring can be refinished.
- How many times hardwood floor can be refinished?
The numbers of time hardwood floors can be refinished depend on the thickness of top wearing layer. Usually 3/4” solid unfinished wood flooring with 5/16” top layer can be easily sanded a few times. But some engineered hardwood with 1/16 (1.6 mm) or thinner wearing layer will be impossible to sand even one time.
Wood floors have to be fixed prior to start on refinishing process. All damaged planks have to be replaces and squeaks eliminated. Shoe base and all baseboards should be removed. The whole floor has to be cleaned.
Using sanding machine, also known as a drum or belt sander with 60 grid sand paper, eliminate deeper scratches and primary remove all finish from the hardwood floor surface. Fill all gaps and holes in the flooring using wood filler. Sand two more times using 80 and 100 grid sand papers.
Use wood floor edger for sanding edger and hard to reach areas like closets. After essential sanding done vacuum all possible dust and using buffer with a very fine sand paper make surface smooth and free of all marks might be left after belt sander.
Vacuum the floor and slightly apply water or better wood floor conditioner to stimulate opening wood pores. Mix desire color of a stain. Apply stain manually or with a buffer. Let the it dry according to manufacturer instructions.